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New User
Posts: 2
Registered: ‎08-19-2009
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Accepted Solution

Formatting in-text citation brackets (paranthesis)

 Hello!

 

I tried searching to find a previous post on my problem, but didn't succeed. I'm currently working on a Mac OS 10.5, Word 2008 and EndNote X2 using "Harvard" style.

 

My problem is this: By default the in-text citation looks like this: (Rochet, 2007) or (Evans and Schmalensee, 2005), with paranthesis around the whole citation. 

 

I need the citation to only have paranthesis around the year-field so that all my citations look like this: Rochet (2007) or Evans and Schmalensee (2005). Is there a way to format the defualt template for in-text citations?

 

I know that I can edit the citation and exclude the author(s), but then I'll have to manually wright the author(s) and edit all my citations which will accumulate a huge amount of work...

 

Thanks in advance!

Regular
Posts: 14
Registered: ‎08-14-2009
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Re: Formatting in-text citation brackets (paranthesis)

Hi,

 

What you should try to do is take the following steps:

 

1. In EndNote, go to Edit > Output Styles > Open Style Manager...

2. In the Style Manager you'll see all the EndNote styles, select and double-click the Harvard style here.

3. Go to Citations, in that small menu you'll find Templates

4. The default template should look like this:  (Author|, Year)

5. Now put the paranthesis around Year, like this:  Author|, (Year)

6. Now close the menu and click yes when it sais "Save changes to EndNote style....."

7. If you had Word opened all this time, try selecting another style and then changing it back to Harvard again and it should work.

 

I hope this works for you. Good luck!

New User
Posts: 2
Registered: ‎08-19-2009
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Re: Formatting in-text citation brackets (paranthesis)

Thank you so much for both the quick response and easy to follow instructions!
Visitor
Posts: 2
Registered: ‎05-24-2010
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Re: Formatting in-text citation brackets (parenthesis)

Hello

Thank you, very useful and easy description. Can I add one more question?By any chance are there any way to have two template at the same time? Or any way to have a formatting like this?

 

According to Tavallali(2010) the most widely used AI optimization tool used in this context, is Genetic Algorithm. However, as tabu search has fewer adjustable parameters, its performance is more effective than GA or simulated annealing (SA) ( Grossmann and Biegler, 2004).

 

At/in the beginning/middle of sentence AUTHOR(YEAR) and at the end (AUTHOR, YEAR)? Thank you for your help.

Mentor
Posts: 8,735
Registered: ‎04-10-2008
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Re: Formatting in-text citation brackets (parenthesis)

Not possible, without manually editing of each one of one or the other of your required citation forms in the manuscript.  I really don't see how Endnote could be expected to notice where the reference is in a sentence structure...  It would require the intelligent intervention of the author, in any case... even if the edit citation had additional options.  

 

Furthermore, if sometimes you want the (author, year) for two or more references, you should stick to a style that outputs automatically in that format and edit the Author (Year) ones manually.

 

The easiest way to streamline the process, is to work with CWYW off; then, you can drag the author out of the parentheses.  You can even do that from a formated reference, although you would also  still need to go in and edit the citation to hide author in the citation itself , or it will "reappear" there .  This is what I do, on the very rare occasions where I want to construct a sentence with the authors name in the text and am worried I can't spell the authors name correctly.

 

Finally, you could try editing the style so that there were no parentheses.  Then when you want Author (Year) you insert the ref twice, the first one hide the year, the second one put inside typed parentheses and hide the author.  when you want (Author, Year) insert the ref once and put the citation(s) in parentheses separated by colons.   

 

But me, I just really try very hard never to use the Author (Year) format. It isn't that hard in the sciences, where the majority of papers are produced by a team, and it is hard to correctly attribute the work to just one or two of the authors anyway!

 

 

(long time Endnote user)
Visitor
Posts: 2
Registered: ‎05-24-2010
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Re: Formatting in-text citation brackets (parenthesis)

Thank you for  your reply and your time....

New User
Posts: 1
Registered: ‎03-30-2011
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Re: Formatting in-text citation brackets (parenthesis)


@Leanne wrote:

 

 ...

The easiest way to streamline the process, is to work with CWYW off; then, you can drag the author out of the parentheses.  You can even do that from a formated reference, although you would also  still need to go in and edit the citation to hide author in the citation itself , or it will "reappear" there .   

 


Thank you Leanne, I am longing for the answer, and it is very practical in the way you suggested:

 

1. Insert citation like (ABC, 1990),

2. then draw the author out, like ABC(1990),

3. the system will ajust citation to become: ABC(ABC, 1990).

4. Right Click on the parenthesis, Edit citation--> exclude author.

 

Benefit: this practice can make sure the citation is consistend and auto-adjustable for three and more author. Since the author is generated automatically, if there is three and above authors, it will appear ABC et. al. at the 2nd time wecite it, and all we should do is to draw it out without editing the format of author.

Visitor
Posts: 4
Registered: ‎07-19-2011
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Re: Formatting in-text citation brackets (parenthesis)

[ Edited ]

I used the procedures that you suggested, it worked great when I'm inserting one citation. But it goes messy when I try to insert two or more citation at once. For example, I want John (1999, 2000), not John(1999; John 2000). I'm using EndNote X2.

Mentor
Posts: 8,735
Registered: ‎04-10-2008
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Re: Formatting in-text citation brackets (parenthesis)

You have to edit both citations to omit author.

(long time Endnote user)
Visitor
Posts: 4
Registered: ‎07-19-2011
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Re: Formatting in-text citation brackets (parenthesis)

thx