Strangely different formatting issue


I have a weird situation where Endnote seems to be formatting in-text citations differently. These are most common when citing multiple works by the same author, but not always.

Sometimes the book title is enclosed in quotation marks, other times it is italicised. I don’t understand why. I’m using MLA format and assume it should be consistent.

Help - I have to submit my PhD very soon.



In-text Citation issue.jpg

The MLA format will add the title to the in-text citation to help make a citation less ambiguous.

You can turn that setting off if you like.

In EndNote you can go to Edit > Output Styles > Open Style Manager > locate the style you are using > Click Edit > go to  Ambiguous Citations under Citations > here uncheck the box  add the title for different… > go To File > Save As > (EndNote will not allow you to change the existing style in EndNote but will always apply the change to a copy of the style) Click Save to save the changes to a copy of the style > close the style window.

You can then switch to the new style in Word by using the following steps from our website:

If you do opt out of this “disambiguating” mechanism, you may need to use another,if they can’t be distinguished.  Many publishers use year followed by a letter (1987a 1987b)  (which are usually ordered alphabetically and not in the order cited, which annoys some folks, so 1987b might come before 1987a!) 

Thanks Tony,

I’m happy to have the title as part of the in-text citation for purposes of disambiguation, but I just need them to all look the same. Is that what your solution does - I’m confused, sorry.


No the steps given would prevent the titles from showing.

Based on the MLA guide you would have two formats of titles in-text.

If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks.

So one format for Books and one for Journal Articles.


I usually put quotes, I get used to it. But I agree with you and saw different variation. I’m sure professionals from the know how it must have.